Cuba defends the need to establish a new international, democratic and equitable economic order
Thank you very much. First of all I want to thank the invitation to participate as a panelist in this important parallel event. The presentations that preceded me were very interesting and illustrative, and I promise that mine will be brief.
First of all, I would like to point out that it is not possible to examine the issue of poverty and its relationship with Human Rights, separate from the problem of inequality and income polarization.
Although there have been slight advances in general terms in recent years, in 2015 there were more than 705 million people living in extreme poverty, according to various estimates, including those of the World Bank.
Other data are even more alarming. According to the most recent report of the Special Rapporteur on the Right to Development, in 2017 the richest 1% of the population appropriated 82% of all the wealth created on the planet. It is clear that the vast majority of the human species, of which most live in developing countries, have to cope with only 18% of wealth.
This inequality manifests itself within countries, and between countries. That is why Cuba has consistently defended in this Organization the need to establish a new International Economic Order, democratic and equitable.
At the level of the United Nations System, resources for the pillar of development continue to be reduced, while attempts to distort this pillar proliferate with interventionist concepts and dissimilar reform initiatives with the supposed purpose of improving the efficiency of the development activities of the United Nations. organization, while galloping in, increasing the resources allocated to the arms race. At the same time, more and more hypocritical and manipulated use of human rights is being used, and global peace and stability continue to be threatened.
It will not be possible to advance in the achievement of the Sustainable Development Goals, and in particular in the eradication of poverty, without addressing these structural asymmetries. Therefore, economic, social and cultural rights, as well as civil and political rights, can not be fully implemented. A family that lives below the threshold of poverty, or of extreme poverty, that can not read or write, has in theory rights, including civil and political rights, but can it actually exercise or defend them?
As you know, colleagues, the situation is even more delicate in countries with additional structural vulnerabilities, such as African countries, Small Island Developing States (SIDS), Landlocked Developing Countries (LLDCs) or Least Developed Countries (LDCs). ).
Thus, it is not possible to address the issues of poverty and human rights without a global, structural and systemic analysis, including geopolitical, macroeconomic, the effects of climate change, the policies of international financial institutions, aggressive imperialist policies of conquest, aggressions of all kinds against sovereign developing countries, among other factors. That is the world today.
In the case of Cuba, as it is known, we are a small island State, a net importer of food and oil, the heir of 400 years of underdeveloped and monoproductive colonialism, 60 years of an exogenous neocolonialism, and almost 60 years of a blockade economic, commercial and financial that continues to be applied ruthlessly and with all rigor.
I take this opportunity to reiterate my thanks to all for the support in this matter, which will be considered again on October 31 at the UN General Assembly. Surely our resolution will be adopted again by overwhelming majority.
Despite these very great obstacles, we have managed to advance with effort and sacrifice in many areas of development, and guarantee human rights, including the right to life, to health, to education, to development, to food security, to the culture, the genuine political participation, the employment, the land, among other conquests that are still chimeras for a good part of the world, even in our geographical region.
We have also contributed modestly with many sister countries in some of these areas, under the principle of not giving what we have left but sharing what little we have. We think that it is not with political manipulation against developing countries, but with international cooperation, that it will be possible to advance in the eradication of poverty, the achievement of sustainable development and respect for human rights. We all have something to receive and we all have something to contribute.
I take this opportunity to comment that three representatives of Cuban civil society organizations that participate in this session of the Council are present at the event, and that they could expand from their perspective on Cuba's experience in these matters.
Cubans living abroad, in short, all our people, we are engaged in the discussion of the new Constitution of the Republic, in a democratic, massive, transparent, which will endow us, by popular referendum next year, a new Magna Carta, which will guide the country's paths in the coming decades
You can be sure that our people will support the new Constitution and renew its support for the foundations of our political, economic and socialist social system, which despite the present and future challenges, is the only one capable of guaranteeing that no one is left behind, as proposed by the development agenda until 2030, and that all human rights for all are fulfilled.
Thank you very much
(Cubaminrex- Permanent Organization of Cuba in Geneva)