The National Flag
The National Flag of Guyana, “The Golden Arrowhead”, has five colors – green, white, gold, black and red. The GREEN background symbolizes the agricultural and forested nature of Guyana. The WHITE border symbolizes its waters and rivers potential. The GOLDEN arrow symbolizes Guyana’s mineral wealth and its forward thrust. The BLACK border, the endurance that will sustain the golden arrow’s forward thrust into the future. The RED triangle symbolizes the zeal and the dynamic task of nation building which lies before our young and independent country.
Coat of Arms
The design is interpreted as follows:
The Amerindian head-dress symbolizes the Amerindians as the indigenous people of the country. The two diamonds at the side of the head-dress represent the country’s mining industry. The helmet is the monarchial insignia. The two jaguars holding a pick axe, a sugar cane and a stalk of rice symbolize labor and the two main agricultural industries of the country – sugar and rice. The shield which is decorated with the National Flower, the Victoria Regia Lily, is to protect the nation. The three blue wavy lines represent the many waters of Guyana. The Canje Pheasant, the National Bird, at the bottom of the shield represents a rare bird found principally in this part of the world and also the rich fauna of Guyana.
Guyana’s National Bird
The Hoatzin or Canje Pheasant
The adult Hoatzin is about 22 inches long from beak to tail. Its color is redish-brown streaked with green. The under parts are pale brown. The feathers on its shoulder and sides are edged with creamy-white. There is a crest of very long feathers on its head which gives the bird an almost majestic look. The Hoatzin has a very short and very thick beak, and the skin around the crimson eye is of a pale blue color.
This bird can be found throughout the year in areas along the banks of the Berbice River and its tributary, the Canje Creek, and to some extent, on the Abary, Mahaicony and Mahaica Rivers. It feeds on the leaves of aquatic vegetation. The nesting period for the Hoatzin, commonly known as the Canje Pheasant, is usually from April to September.